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[TOEFL 2016 Listening Practice] Test 58 (with Answers & Transcripts)

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Xuất bản 16/08/2015
Practice these TOEFL iBT listening tests to help you score high in the TOEFL Listening Section. Check the correct answers and audio transcripts below. This video is in the series of NEW TOEFL iBT Preparation: Question 1. Listen to part of a lecture in a psychology class. One study on aging suggests that the key to a longer life might be the way you think about yourself as you get older, that is, how you see your own aging. The researchers found that people who view aging positively live longer than people who view it negatively. This study began 26 years ago and took place in a small town in the Midwest. The participants were 640 men and women who were 50 to 90 years old at the time. The subjects were asked to agree or disagree with statements about aging ... for example, statements like "As you get older, you become less useful” and “Older people can’t learn new skills.” The data showed that respondents with the most positive attitudes survived a median of 22 years after their initial interview, while those with negative views lived just 15 years—a difference of seven years. Correct answer: A ------------------- Questions 2 through 3. Listen to part of a talk given by an academic adviser. A bachelor’s degree in engineering is the generally accepted educational requirement for most entry-level engineering jobs. In a typical four-year engineering program, the first two years are spent studying basic sciences mathematics, physics, chemistry, and introductory engineering and the humanities, social sciences, and English. The last two years are devoted to specialized engineering courses. Some programs offer a general engineering curriculum, letting students choose a specialty in graduate school or to acquire one later on the job.  Several engineering schools have formal arrangements with liberal arts colleges ... programs, for example, where a student spends three years in a liberal arts college studying pre engineering subjects and a couple years in an engineering school, and then ... uh ... receives a bachelor’s degree from each school. Now most engineers have some training beyond the bachelor’s degree. An advanced degree is desirable for promotion, or is necessary to keep up with new technology. Graduate training is essential for most teaching and research positions. Now a number of colleges and universities offer five year master’s degree programs offering an accelerated, intensive program of study. Some schools particularly the state technical schools have five or six year cooperative programs where students coordinate classroom study with practical work experience. These programs are popular because, in addition to gaining useful job experience, students can finance part of their education. Correct answer: 2. C - 3. D ------------------- Questions 4 through 5. Listen to part of a talk in a health class. W: RSI—repetitive strain injury is probably the fastest-growing job related illness. We hear about RSI so much today because of high speed keyboard technology. Repetitive strain injury—also called repetitive motion syndrome—is a real problem for people who sit at the computer all day. RSI is brought on by doing the same movements with the arms and hands over and over again, all day long. This type of injury ... RSI ... it's ... uh ... been a problem for a long time for violinists, typists, mechanics, construction workers—anyone whose job involves repeated wrist movements. M: My mother used to work in the lab at St. Peters, and she got something like that. She worked there for around fifteen years and it got to the point where she couldn't handle the instruments anymore. You could hear her fingers crack and pop when she moved them. W: Hmm. Your mother may have had RSI—a serious case, from the sound of it. RSI affects different people differently. Some people get an inflammation of the sheathing around the tendons in the hand called tendonitis. The inflammation makes your fingers painful and hard to straighten. It’s possible your mother's problem was tendonitis. A more serious condition that a lot of workers develop is carpal tunnel syndrome. That’s when the nerves that go through the wrist to the hand are pinched by swollen tissue. The swelling causes a numbness or tingling sensation in the hand, and pain shoots up from the wrist- either up the arm or down into the hand. The pain can be so bad at night it wakes you up. Correct answer: 4. B - 5. D
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