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Using the expression ‘ought to’ in English – ( Modal Auxiliary Verb) - English Grammar Lesson

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Xuất bản 23/08/2015
Using the expression ‘ought to’ in English – ( Modal Auxiliary Verb) - English Grammar Lesson ‘Ought to’ is a modal auxiliary verb and its meaning changes depending on how it is used in a sentence. In this lesson you will learn the usage of this not so commonly use English expression – Ought to. In this lesson, you are going to take a look at the various uses of ‘ought to’. • Example: You ought to exercise more. ( a strong recommendation/advice) • Example: She ought to receive the package tonight. (Probability) • Example: James ought to get the promotion. (something expected to happen) In the past, it is used with ‘have + a past participle verb’. It means something that should have happened, didn’t happen in the past. • Example: You ought to have helped him. (you should have helped him, but you didn’t do your duty) • Example: I ought to have studied medicine not physics. (I regret the past action of studying physics) In the negative, ‘ought not’ is used without ‘to’. • Example: You ought not smoke so much. • Example: They ought not carry so much cash while travelling. In the interrogative, ‘ought’ is placed before the subject and ‘to’ is not used. Generally, ‘should’ is more commonly used. • Example: Ought she call the police? (‘Should she call the police?’ is a more common way of asking) • Example: Ought we complete this now? (should is more commonly used in place of ‘ought’)
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